If you want to start fish-keeping, you’ve come to the right place. That’s because we are about to tell you about the top ten aquarium fish for beginners.
When it comes to buying fish for your new aquarium, you should understand which breeds are preferable for a newbie and why. This blog post will be of use to you in this regard.
There are numerous rasbora species, but our favorites are the harlequin rasbora (Trigonostigma heteromorpha) and the lambchop rasbora (Trigonostigma espei). These friendly nano fish, known for their bright orange color and characteristic black triangle patch, grow to around two inches and are widely accessible in most pet stores.
2. Common Goldfish
Veterans frequently advise new fish keepers to avoid goldfish since they grow so huge, but they’re still a fantastic starter pet because they’re robust and easy to care for. Because common goldfish (Carassius auratus) reach a size of 12 to 14 inches, they require 30 gallons of water per fish (or two goldfish in a 55-gallon aquarium). When goldfish reach adulthood, many people place them in outdoor ponds. They enjoy consuming spirulina algae, veggies, and other meals heavy in carbs and low in protein.
Tetras, like rasboras, are popular little schooling fish that come in a wide range of colors and patterns, including neon tetras (Paracheirodon innesi), cardinal tetras (Paracheirodon axelrodi), black neon tetras (Hyphessobrycon herbertaxelrodi), and Congo tetras (Phenacogrammus interruptus). They are relatively simple to care for and prefer neutral pH waters ranging from 7.0 to 7.8.
Cory catfish are tranquil schooling fish that live at the bottom of the tank, similar to rasboras and tetras. They can grow to be one to three inches long and like foraging around the tank floor for crumbs, but you must feed them a variety of sinking foods to ensure they get enough nourishment.
They can tolerate a wide pH range from 7.0 to higher and prefer harsher water. Furthermore, platies are ravenous eaters who will consume practically any omnivore community meal that is thrown to them. Make careful to look for the variatus platy (Xiphophorus variatus), which is our favorite type.
6. Betta fish
Betta fish are the king of novice fish due to their vibrant color, petite size, and easy maintenance requirements. They can be kept alone in a 5-gallon aquarium with a soft filtration, or in a 10-gallon or bigger tank with a community of other fish. (Don’t keep them with other betta fish; they’re called “Siamese fighting fish” for a reason.)
7. Bolivian Cichlids
The Bolivian ram (Mikrogeophagus altispinosus) is a good South American starter fish that is remarkably similar to its colorful but less hardy relative, the German ram. Because of their unusual yellow and black appearance, and ease of breeding, they make an excellent centerpiece fish for a medium-sized aquarium.
Barbs provide a vibrant and action-packed element to your communal tank. Tiger barbs (Puntigrus tetrazona), Odessa barbs (Pethia padamya), and cherry barbs (Pethia padamya) are the most popular types, growing to three to four inches (and larger) (Puntius titteya). Because some species are considered semi-aggressive, we recommend purchasing six or more to avoid fin nipping.
The remarkable angelfish certainly lives up to its name, with its exquisite shape, unusual fins, and wonderful striped pattern. Keep them in 55 or more gallons of water since they can grow to the size of a small saucer (especially in vertically tall tanks). This enormous display fish gets along nicely with rasboras, tetras, and other fish, but it’s recommended to keep only one to avoid territorial behavior.
10. Kuhli Loaches
Because they resemble small 4-inch eels or snakes, Kuhli loaches (Pangio kuhlii) will either amaze or frighten you. Because they are nocturnal, they tend to be shy and hide behind the decor, so keep them in groups of at least three to six so they feel safe enough to come out and explore. These bottom dwellers, like corydoras, forage for leftovers on the ground and between rocks, but you must specifically feed them to make sure they don’t go hungry.
The majority of the above-mentioned species get along well. There are certain exceptions, so do your homework before combining various species in the same fish tank.
It is entirely up to you once you have established a robust water life. So, put in a lot of effort to make your fish happy in their new home, and they will thrive there for a long time.